Brachial Plexus Palsy Attorneys
Brachial Plexus Injuries
The brachial plexus is a network of nerves located between the shoulder and the neck. The brachial plexus nerve network comes from the spinal cord and controls muscle movement and sensation in the shoulder, arm, and hand. Brachial plexus palsy occurs when this network of nerves is injured.
Brachial plexus injuries can happen during birth. The baby's shoulders may become impacted on the mother's pubic bone during the birth process, a condition known as shoulder dystocia. The brachial plexus nerves may be stretched or torn. Some injuries heal over time. Other injuries may require extensive therapy and maybe even surgery. Despite treatment, some injuries are permanent, resulting in lifelong disability and disfigurement.
Brachial plexus nerve injuries include Erb's palsy and Klumpe's palsy.
Erb's palsy is paralysis of the arm caused by injury to the upper group of the nerves of the arm, the spinal roots between the fifth cervical vertebra and the seventh (C5–C7). Children with Erb's palsy are affected in different ways depending on the type of nerve damage. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. There are four different types of nerve injuries:
- Avulsion: The nerve is torn from the spine.
- Rupture: The nerve is torn but not where it attaches to the spine.
- Neuroma: The nerve has tried to heal but scar tissue has grown around the injury, placing pressure on the injured nerve and preventing signals from the nerve to the muscle.
- Neuropraxia: Nerve conducting is blocked at the location of the injury, often due to stretching, though the nerve fibers are intact.
What Are Common Symptoms of Erb's Palsy?
Symptoms of Erb's palsy may include:
- Lack of muscle control and no feeling in the arm or hand
- Minimal control of arm movements
- Use of hands but not of the shoulder or elbow
- Paralysis of the arm with the hand and fingers hanging limp
- Facial paralysis on the affected side
- Inability to sit without assistance
- Inability to crawl
Treatment for Erb's palsy includes exercise and physical therapy to improve function. Some children who have suffered brachial plexus injuries resulting in Erb's palsy require surgery.
Klumpke's palsy is a type of brachial plexus palsy in which the lower nerves of the brachial plexus are injured, causing paralysis of the muscles of the hand and forearm. In Klumpke's palsy, the nerve roots at C8 (eighth cervical vertebrae) and T1 (first thoracic vertebrae) are injured.
Contact the Birth Injury Attorneys at Birth Injury Safety
As any loving parent would, you want to be able to provide the best care for your injured newborn, but you may not have the financial means to do so. If your child’s injury was caused by negligence on the part of a medical practitioner during the prenatal stage, labor, or delivery, you should exercise your right to recover damages through a lawsuit. Contact birth injury lawyer Laura Brown by calling (214) 974-4121 today to get started on your claim, and get the compensation you need for your child’s recovery.
- Physical Therapy for the Treatment of Erb’s Palsy
- Brachial Plexus Injury in Newborns - MedlinePlus
- Erb's Palsy (Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy) - American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons