Injuries Due to a Vacuum Extraction Delivery
Vacuum extraction delivery is a form of assisted vaginal delivery. Medical providers apply a medical device - a vacuum extractor - to the baby's head. During contractions, the vacuum extractor is pressurized to create suction on the baby's head. The medical provider uses the vacuum extractor to pull on the baby's head during contractions.
Vacuum extractors are potentially dangerous devices if used incorrectly or by inexperienced medical providers. In 1998, the United States Food and Drug Administration issued a Public Health Advisory to doctors, nurses, hospital obstetric departments, and risk managers warning that vacuum-assisted delivery devices may cause serious or fatal complications to babies. Injuries that are known to be caused by vacuum extraction deliveries include subgaleal hemorrhage and intracranial hemorrhage. Because of the potentially deadly injuries, the FDA recommended that the vacuum extraction devices be used ONLY WHEN A SPECIFIC OBSTETRIC INDICATION IS PRESENT and that the medical providers who use the device be versed in their use and aware of the indications, contraindications, and precautions.
Injuries Caused by Vacuum Extraction
Some injuries caused by vacuum extraction include:
- Intracranial hemorrhage
- Subgaleal hemorrhage
- Caput Succedaneum
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